FIRST AID ESSENTIALS
Priorities in an emergency
In any emergency situation, early recognition is a key step in initiating early management. In all emergencies, the rescuer should:
- quickly assess the situation
- ensure safety for the rescuer, person in need and bystanders (this may mean moving the person in need)
- send for help (call an ambulance).
If the person is unresponsive and not breathing normally, follow DRSABCD.
Where more than one person requires attention, the care of an unconscious person has priority.
DRSABCD is the basic life support flow and should be used in all cases.
|Responsive||Check for a response using talk and touch or the C.O.W.S method:
Individuals who are unresponsive but breathing normally should be positioned into a side-lying recovery position.
|Send for help||Call Triple Zero (000):
If in doubt – call your management team, but in serious cases – do not delay in getting emergency help!
|Airway||For an unresponsive adult or child, open the airway using the head tilt-chin lift:
|Breathing||Check for breathing using look, listen and feel.
Quick Response Guides
ARC Guidelines and Related Links
The following ARC Guidelines were used in the development of the First Aid Essentials modules:
Information from the following peak bodies was used in the development of the First Aid Essentials modules: